What Is CBD and What Does It Do?
CBD is the abbreviated name for cannabidiol, one of the active components in cannabis plants (called cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids). Phytocannabinoids are only found in cannabis plants, and play a big role in the therapeutic properties of these plants.
There are around 100 active phytocannabinoids in cannabis plants, and CBD is typically one of the most prevalent components, along with THC.
There are dozens of minor phytocannabinoids (CBC, CBG, CBN, CBDA), as well as terpenes and flavonoids (flavor and scent chemicals), that play a smaller part in cannabis’ health benefits, but CBD and THC are the two major players.
[CBD is extracted from cannabis plants (usually hemp) in order to separate it from other phytocannabinoids. Pure isolated CBD is a crystalline solid, so it’s typically added to oil (eg. hemp oil or MCT oil), which acts as a carrier, making it easier for the body to absorb and metabolize CBD. This is the final product: CBD oil. Extracted CBD can also be used to make other kinds of products, but CBD oils and tinctures are the most popular way of taking CBD.]
CBD vs. THC
THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the major psychoactive component in cannabis. That means that THC is responsible for causing the ‘high’ or ‘stoned’ sensation that’s often associated with cannabis use.
CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive. CBD alone can’t get you high. Instead, CBD is known for its beneficial properties. People typically use CBD to find relief from a wide array of medical conditions, either in conjunction with or instead of traditional medicine.
Some things people frequently use CBD for are: acute pain or chronic pain, insomnia and other sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression, just to name a few. CBD has shown promise in studies for many different medical conditions.
For people interested in the potential benefits of cannabis, but uncomfortable with the intoxicating side, CBD now presents a unique opportunity to have one without the other- to get the benefits, without getting stoned.
Is CBD Marijuana?
CBD is an active component of all cannabis plants, which means that CBD is a part of marijuana- but it would be wrong to say that CBD is marijuana.
The US government made hemp products federally legal in the 2018 Farm Bill. So, in order for CBD to be a legal product, it must be considered a hemp product.
Both marijuana and hemp are part of the ‘Cannabis’ scientific family of plants, so both marijuana and hemp are considered cannabis, but only CBD products made from hemp are legal.
So What’s The Difference Between Hemp & Marijuana?
According to federal law, cannabis plants are now divided into two categories: marijuana and hemp.
- Marijuana: any cannabis plant with over .3% THC content is considered marijuana.
- Hemp: any cannabis plant with less than .3% THC content is considered hemp.
So, to reiterate, a cannabis plant with less than .3% THC content is legally considered hemp, and can be used to source legal CBD. This is called ‘hemp-derived CBD’. ALL of our products are made with hemp-derived CBD, and meet the federal legal limit of under .3% THC.
[Not All CBD Is Legal: A plant with over .3% THC is considered marijuana- even if the subsequent CBD oil made from that plant were under .3% THC, because the CBD was sourced from a marijuana plant rather than a hemp plant, that product would NOT be considered federally legal.]